Phone

Drugs

Side Effects
Serious

Irregular, rapid, or labored breathing, lightheadedness or sudden fainting, joint pain, fever, severe abdominal pain and cramping with watery or bloody stools, severe allergic reaction (marked by sudden swelling of the lips, tongue, face, or throat; breathing difficulty; severe rash, itching, or hives), unusual bleeding or bruising, yellowish tinge to eyes or skin. Call your doctor immediately.
Common

Rash, mild diarrhea, headache, sore tongue, sore mouth, vaginal discharge and itching, white patches in mouth.
Less Common

Diminished urine output, chills, weakness, fatigue.
Bacampicillin Hydrochloride


Drug Class:
Penicillin antibiotic

Available OTC?: No

Available Generic?: No

Available In
Why Prescribed
How It Works
Range and Frequency
Onset of Effect
Duration of Action
Dietary Advice
Storage
Missed Dose
Stopping the Drug
Prolonged Use
Over 60
Driving and Hazardous Work
Alcohol
Pregnancy
Breast Feeding
Infants and Children
Special Concerns
Overdose Symptoms
What to Do
Drug Interactions
Food Interactions
Disease Interactions


Available In
Capsules, oral suspension

Why Prescribed
To treat a variety of bacterial infections, including those of the respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, urinary tract, and middle ear. Bacampicillin is effective only against infections caused by bacteria; it is ineffective against those caused by viruses, fungi, or other microorganisms.

How It Works
Bacampicillin blocks the formation of bacterial cell walls, rendering bacteria unable to multiply and spread.

Range and Frequency
Adults and children weighing 55 lbs or more: 400 to 800 mg every 12 hours (2 times a day). Children weighing less than 55 lbs: 5.7 to 11.4 mg per lb of body weight every 12 hours.

Onset of Effect
Unknown.

Duration of Action
Unknown.

Dietary Advice
Tablets can be taken with or without food. The oral suspension should be taken on an empty stomach, at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after meals, with plenty of water.

Storage
Store in a tightly sealed container away from heat and direct light. The suspension can be refrigerated but should not be frozen.

Missed Dose
Take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your regular dosage schedule. Do not double the next dose.

Stopping the Drug
Take it as prescribed for the full treatment period, even if you begin to feel better before the scheduled end of therapy. Stopping the drug prematurely may slow your recovery or lead to a rebound infection, also known as superinfection, in which the heartier strains of bacteria survive and multiply, leading to a more serious and drug-resistant infection.

Prolonged Use
The prolonged use of any antibiotic will increase the risk of superinfection; caution is advised.

Over 60
No special problems are expected.

Driving and Hazardous Work
Do not drive or engage in hazardous work until you determine how the medicine affects you.

Alcohol
No special precautions are necessary.

Pregnancy
Adequate studies of the use of penicillin antibiotics during pregnancy have not been done; however, no problems have been reported.

Breast Feeding
Bacampicillin may pass into breast milk and cause problems in the nursing infant; avoid use of this drug while nursing.

Infants and Children
No special problems are expected.

Special Concerns
Bacampicillin can cause false results on some urine sugar tests for patients with diabetes. Those who are prone to asthma, hay fever, hives, or allergies may be more likely to have an allergic reaction to a penicillin antibiotic. If severe diarrhea occurs as a side effect of this drug, do not take antidiarrheal medications; call your doctor.

Overdose Symptoms
Severe nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle spasticity, seizures.

What to Do
Call your doctor, emergency medical services (EMS), or the nearest poison control center immediately.

Drug Interactions
Consult your doctor for specific advice if you are taking aminoglycosides, ACE inhibitors, diuretics, potassium supplements or potassium-containing drugs, anticoagulants or other anticlotting drugs, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, sulfinpyrazone, cholestyramine, colestipol, oral contraceptives, methotrexate, probenecid, allopurinol, or disulfiram.

Food Interactions
No known food interactions.

Disease Interactions
Consult your doctor if you have a history of allergies, asthma, congestive heart failure, gastrointestinal disorders (especially colitis associated with the use of antibiotics), infectious mononucleosis, or impaired kidney function.  

Date Published: 04/13/2005
Previous  |  Next
> Printer-friendly Version