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Drugs

Side Effects
Serious

No serious side effects are associated with beclomethasone.
Common

Nasal form: Nosebleeds or bloody nasal secretions, nasal burning or irritation, sore throat. Oral inhalation: Sore throat, white patches in the mouth or throat, hoarseness.
Less Common

Eye pain, watering eyes, gradual decrease of vision, stomach pain and digestive disturbances.
Beclomethasone Inhalant and Nasal


Drug Class:
Respiratory corticosteroid

Available OTC?: No

Available Generic?: No

Available In
Why Prescribed
How It Works
Range and Frequency
Onset of Effect
Duration of Action
Dietary Advice
Storage
Missed Dose
Stopping the Drug
Prolonged Use
Over 60
Driving and Hazardous Work
Alcohol
Pregnancy
Breast Feeding
Infants and Children
Special Concerns
Overdose Symptoms
What to Do
Drug Interactions
Food Interactions
Disease Interactions


Available In
Nasal inhaler, oral inhalation

Why Prescribed
To treat bronchial asthma; to treat allergic rhinitis (seasonal and perennial allergies such as hay fever); to prevent recurrence of nasal polyps after they have been removed surgically.

How It Works
Respiratory corticosteroids such as beclomethasone primarily reduce or prevent inflammation of the lining of the airways (the underlying cause of asthma), reduce the allergic response to inhaled allergens, and inhibit secretion of mucus within airways.

Range and Frequency
Adults and teenagers-- Nasal inhaler: 1 or 2 inhalations in each nostril, 1 or 2 times a day. Oral inhalation: 2 inhalations, 3 or 4 times a day. For severe asthma: 12 to 16 inhalations daily (maximum of 20 inhalations per day). Children ages 6 to 12-- Nasal inhaler: 1 inhalation in each nostril, 1 to 3 times a day. Oral inhalation: 1 to 2 inhalations, 3 or 4 times a day. Maximum of 10 inhalations per day.

Onset of Effect
Within 5 to 7 days; it may take 3 weeks for the full effect to occur.

Duration of Action
6 hours or more.

Dietary Advice
Use it before or after meals.

Storage
Store away from fire and direct light.

Missed Dose
Take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is near the time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your regular dosage schedule. Do not double the next dose.

Stopping the Drug
Take it as prescribed for the full treatment period, even if you begin to feel better before the scheduled end of the therapy.

Prolonged Use
Consult your doctor about the need for periodic medical examinations and laboratory tests if you must take this drug for a prolonged period.

Over 60
No special problems are expected.

Driving and Hazardous Work
The use of beclomethasone should not impair your ability to perform such tasks safely.

Alcohol
No special precautions are necessary.

Pregnancy
Nasal or inhaled steroids have not been reported to cause birth defects if taken during pregnancy. Before using such drugs, tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.

Breast Feeding
Beclomethasone may pass into breast milk; caution is advised. Consult your doctor for advice.

Infants and Children
It has not been established whether beclomethasone is safe and effective in young children.

Special Concerns
Inhaled steroids will not help an asthma attack in progress. Inhaled steroids can lower resistance to yeast infections of the mouth, throat, or voice box. To prevent yeast infections, gargle or rinse your mouth with water after each use; do not swallow the water. Know how to use the inhaler effectively; read and follow the directions that come with the device. Before you have surgery, tell the doctor or dentist that you are using a steroid.

Overdose Symptoms
No specific ones have been reported.

What to Do
An overdose of beclomethasone is unlikely to be life-threatening. However, if someone takes a much larger dose than prescribed, call your doctor, emergency medical services (EMS), or the nearest poison control center immediately.

Drug Interactions
Consult your doctor for specific advice if you are taking systemic corticosteroids, other inhaled corticosteroids, or any drugs that suppress the immune system.

Food Interactions
No known food interactions.

Disease Interactions
Consult your doctor if you have any of the following: a lung disease such as tuberculosis; an infection of the mouth, nose, sinuses, throat, or lungs; a herpes infection of the eye; or any other untreated infection.  

Date Published: 04/13/2005
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